Home Climate How Does India Plan to Tackle Climate Change on the Global Stage?

How Does India Plan to Tackle Climate Change on the Global Stage?

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How Does India Plan to Tackle Climate Change on the Global Stage?

India has taken a proactive step in addressing climate change by establishing an inter-ministerial group. Formed in August, this group is comprised of members from various ministries and departments, including the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, the Ministry of Power, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, and the Department of Economic Affairs.

The purpose of this inter-ministerial group is to develop a comprehensive strategy for critical discussions in global climate negotiations. It will focus on five key areas: mitigation (reducing greenhouse gas emissions), adaptation (adjusting to the effects of climate change), loss and damage (addressing the impacts of climate change that can’t be mitigated), climate finance (financial support for climate-related initiatives), and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement (voluntary cooperation between countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions).

To facilitate in-depth discussions on these topics, five sub-groups have been formed, each consisting of officials at the joint secretary level. These sub-groups will explore the intricacies of each subject.

One notable aspect is the creation of a Loss and Damage Fund, a significant development that occurred during COP27 in Egypt’s Sharm El Sheikh. This fund aims to provide financial support to countries highly vulnerable to severe climate change impacts. The challenge now is to determine eligibility criteria for accessing the fund and ensuring a fair distribution of benefits.

In the realm of finance, discussions within the inter-ministerial group are also focusing on the definition of climate finance and the role of private finance in alignment with Article 2.1(c) of the Paris Agreement.

India is at the forefront of advocating for clarity in the definition of climate finance, emphasizing the need for a substantial and swift delivery of such financial support. They argue that climate finance should be primarily provided as grants, not loans, and should strike a balance between mitigation and adaptation efforts.

Article 2.1(c) of the Paris Agreement focuses on aligning financial flows with climate action, while Article 6 enables voluntary cooperation between countries to achieve their emission-reduction targets outlined in their nationally-determined contributions. This cooperation allows countries to transfer carbon credits earned from reducing greenhouse gas emissions to support other countries in meeting their climate goals.

In essence, India’s inter-ministerial group is working diligently to ensure that the country’s stance on crucial climate issues is well-prepared and informed, providing valuable input to global climate negotiations.

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